Travel guides and background: Denmark

This page contains references to and short reviews of good travel guides as well as books providing historical information about Denmark which may improve your understanding and appreciation of the country and its people.
Denmark is a very interesting and pleasant country to visit. It is small both in terms of geography and population size -  43.098 square kilometres and 5,4 million people. It was once one of the home countries of the vikings. Today it is a country with royalty, great design traditions, the land of the fairytales of H.C. Andersen - and the world's happiest people! People in Denmark are polite, pleasant, warm and open. They love good food, and Copenhagen’s restaurants have more Michelin stars than any other Scandinavian city.
Most of the Danes speak English very well, and understand it even better.
There are a great many historical sites, as well as wonderful museums, art galleries, exhibitions, lovely beaches, excellent food, idyllic pubs and more for the visitor to enjoy. You will find well-kept renaissance castles and tidy 18th-century villages, along with impressive Viking ruins, beautiful medieval churches, excellent art galleries, and much more.
Some quick facts about Denmark: Unified as a state in the 10th century AD, a constitutional monarchy, the highest per capita GDP in the European Union (EU); literacy is 100%; unemployment is low; and its social-welfare programs are the envy of continents. Education is free. It is also a country with tidy cities, picturesque countryside, efficient infrastructure and commendable public services.
Interesting cities in Denmark:
Copenhagen (København in Danish) is Denmark's capital and largest city, and a vibrant metropolis with world class attractions and excellent restaurants.
Århus is the main city of the Jutland peninsula and Denmark's second largest city. The historic Open Air Museum, which is a representation of how the city looked in the 1800's, is very interesting.
Odense is the main city of the island of Funen, and Denmark's third largest city. It is known as the birthplace of H.C. Andersen. The Egeskov Castle, one of the best-preserved Renaissance castles in Europe, is a great place to visit.
Aalborg is a cozy and quaint city, with a very picturesque city centre.
Esbjerg is Denmark's centre for the fishing and offshore industry, and is a short 15 minute ferry ride away from the lovely island of Fanø.